OECD Cooperative Chemicals Assessment Program
In 2011, the OECD Cooperative Chemicals Assessment Program (CoCAP) was established based on the former High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals Program to better respond to the changing needs of OECD member countries. The new program continues to derive OECD-wide agreed hazard assessments of industrial chemicals and includes non-HPV, new and existing industrial chemicals.
The Program continues to cooperatively undertake assessments of HPV chemicals and agree on further work, based on collection and assessment of a Screening Information Data Set (SIDS) for chemicals1.
Member countries share the burden of investigating the chemicals and benefit from receiving data on priority HPV and other chemicals. Industry continues to benefit, as the need for duplicate testing is eliminated.
Australia reviews draft reports prepared by other OECD countries discussed at SIDS Initial Assessment Meetings (SIAM), now renamed Cooperative Chemicals Assessment Meetings (CoCAM).
CoCAP also continues to develop and apply integrated approaches to testing and assessment, avoid duplication, and provide a forum to exchange experiences of member countries.
Discussions on national/regional and industry-developed methodologies for hazard assessment, priority setting and categorisation of inventories have greatly benefited NICNAS as it promotes the protection of Australian human health and environment through risk assessments of new and existing industrial chemicals.
The integrated approaches to testing and assessment such as the chemical category/grouping concept and (Q)SAR methodologies are applied at NICNAS. Expertise in both approaches is being developed for use in assessment of chemicals.
Australia was an active participant of the OECD High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals Program and sponsored chemicals to the HPV Chemicals Program that were assessed as Priority Existing Chemicals (glutaraldehyde, 2-butoxyethanol, ortho-Dichlorobenzene and triclosan), jointly sponsored for assessment 1,4-dioxane and N-vinyl-2- pyrrolidone, and co-sponsored with an industry consortium the hydrotrope group of surfactants (see OECD list of sponsored chemicals).
NICNAS utilises OECD SIDS initial assessments, when available in chemical assessments e.g. trichloroethylene, N-vinyl pyrrolidone, short chain chlorinated paraffins, acrylamide, hydrofluoric acid, benzene and formaldehyde.
1 HPV chemicals are chemicals reported to be produced or imported at levels greater than 1,000 tonnes per year in at least one OECD member country or in the European Union region.
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