PEC reports make recommendations for the elimination or reduction of hazards and risks associated with chemical use. The effectiveness of NICNAS assessments depends upon adoption of recommendations to manage, reduce or mitigate risk. The number of recommendations made in PEC reports by sector (OHS, public health and/or environment) published to June 2006 is given in Table 13.

Table 13: Number of recommendations in PEC reports by target area

Target area

OHS

Public Health

Environment

FEB 93-

June 03

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06*

Feb 93-

June 03

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06*

Feb 93-

June 03

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06*

Peak bodies

64

-

5

4

22

-

6

1

1

-

-

-

State & territory authorities

10

-

2

2

3

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

Industry

115

5

9

5

9

1

3

1

7

-

-

1

General Public

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

Total

189

5

16

11

34

1

11

2

9

-

-

1

* Recommendations are from two reports completed to consultation phase. These reports are expected to be published early 2006-07. No analysis of take-up of recommendations made in 2004-05 was completed in 2005-06.

Eight additional recommendations were made in other assessments in 2005-06: seven in the area of public health and one regarding the environment.

A review of the uptake of recommendations made in a preliminary (2001) PEC report on hydrofluoric acid (HF) was conducted in 2005-06. This review was conducted to determine if NICNAS needed to proceed to a full risk assessment of HF, and examined poisons scheduling requirements, details of access to HF and restrictions on sale, access to exemptions to HF restrictions, compliance activities with respect to HF in the states and territories, and the revision of an industry code of practice. NICNAS found that the awareness of the hazards of HF and regulatory controls have improved significantly in the period following the publication of the PEC report, and that there is no necessity to proceed to a full risk assessment at this stage.