A new industrial chemical means an industrial chemical that is not listed on the AICS. Some chemicals listed on the AICS may be subject to conditions of use. These chemicals are also defined as new industrial chemicals if their use is for other than that stated on the AICS. A chemical that is a reaction intermediate or an incidentally produced chemical is not considered a new industrial chemical. All new industrial chemicals must be notified to NICNAS, and an assessment certificate or permit obtained before they can be imported and/or manufactured in Australia. Certain new industrial chemicals are considered exempt from notifying to NICNAS but are subject to reporting requirements.