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Treaties

NICNAS has put in place administrative and legislative measures to ensure that Australia meets its obligations under international agreements.

 

Australia has ratified the following conventions:

 

The Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade. Certain hazardous industrial chemicals are subject to national and international import and export controls.
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The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants: Assessment of new and existing chemicals with persistent organic pollutant characteristics are subject to certain data requirements.
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Other International Treaties

Australia participates in other international treaties that promote the safe management of hazardous chemicals. These include the:

 

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal is implemented in Australia by the Department of the Environment and Heritage under the Hazardous Waste (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1989. More information on the Basel Convention can be accessed from its website at http://www.basel.int/

 

Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer: Australia has ratified this treaty and the obligations of the treaty are implmented in Australia by the Department of the Environment and Heritage. Information on the Montreal Protocol can be accessed at http://ozone.unep.org/Ratification_status/evolution_of_mp.shtml

 

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is an international treaty that bans the development, production, possession or use of chemical weapons, and requires the destruction of existing weapons. A number of chemicals produced or used for normal industrial, medical or research activities can also have applications in the manufacture of chemical weapons. Moreover, the types of chemical processes involved in the production of chemical warfare agents are also very commonly used in the legitimate production of commercial chemicals. The Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office (ASNO), in the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, is the National Authority responsible for administering the Chemical Weapons (Prohibition) Act 1994 which is the primary implementing legislation for the CWC. Further information regarding the CWC and its impact on industry (e.g., permit and notification requirements for producers, users and importers of chemicals) can be found at: http://www.dfat.gov.au/cwco/

 

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